Surrounding the student in the centre the inner elements support and stimulate the student’s actions, imaginations and mind-set, and are concerned with the students own will.

In order for students to be less passive in the teaching process, the DesUni model is made up of factors related to inner and outer processes. The factors in the DesUni model are about putting the students in a Design-Thinking frame of mind within the teaching process in order to change their expectations from those of being passive receivers of theoretical knowledge, to becoming active creators of knowledge and the primary agents in the teaching process.

Imagination is the catalyst for a design-oriented mind-set and the act of designing.

In order to change the student’s frame of mind by Design-Thinking, imagination is required as the catalyst for Design-Thinking and the act of designing; design cannot happen in the absence of imagination. At the same time the inner elements of the DesUni model can be hard for the teacher to change without support from the outer elements.

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Seelig, T. (2012), InGenius: A Crash Course on Creativity. New York: HarperCollins.